Revelation About Open Dawah
After the initial concealment, Dawah was made public in the fourth year of Prophethood and that is when many people embraced islam and Abu Talib was still protecting Prophet Muhammadﷺ from Pagans. The strength of islam was increasing day by day. The truth won the hearts of people, the companions of Prophetﷺ were waiting for Allah’s order to spread islam openly but opposition also became strong.
One day the angel Gabriel came by the order of Allah and bestowed a revelation over The Prophetﷺ.
۔وَأَنذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِينَ ۔وَاخْفِضْ جَنَاحَكَ لِمَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۔فَإِنْ عَصَوْكَ فَقُلْ إِنِّي بَرِيءٌ مِّمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى الْعَزِيزِ الرَّحِيمِ - الَّذِي يَرَاكَ حِينَ تَقُومُ - وَتَقَلُّبَكَ فِي السَّاجِدِينَ - إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
And warn, [O Muhammad], your closest kindred.And lower your wing to those who follow you of the believers.And if they disobey you, then say, "Indeed, I am disassociated from what you are doing.And rely upon the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.Who sees you when you arise.And your movement among those who prostrate.Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Knowing
26:214 - أ26:22
The Pagans And Abu Talib
One day Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was at home with Abu Talib. This was the fourth year of Prophethood of Muhammad ﷺ, suddenly Pagan Leaders Abu Jehal, Utbah ibn Rabi’ah, Shaybah ibn Rabi’ah, Aswad Bin Al-Muttalib, Walid ibn al-Mughirah and other leader arrived at Abu Talib’s home. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ started preaching islam to them. They got stubborn and complained to Abu Talib regrading Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and his preachings. They said that Muhammad ﷺ abuses our deities and declared them false Gods. If he doesn’t stop, we will punish all Muslims and newcomers. One of them said, if Muhammad ﷺ stops preaching islam, in return we will give him beautiful girls for Marriage, Gold, Silver and Best designation in Mecca’s Politics. In the answer Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said, “If you put a Sun on my right hand and moon on my other hand even then I won’t stop my work”. At that time Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said
“There is no Creator (god) But Allah” after the pagans stepped out. Abu Talib defended Prophet Muhammad ﷺ until last breath.
One days all Pagans arrived at Abu Talib’s home with a deal. Pagans offered that if you give us Muhammad ﷺ, in exchange we will give you a more obedient man who will become your son and we will Kill Muhammad ﷺ. Abu Talib replied, I will never do this. After this they all became a strong enemy of Abu Talib and decided to take revenge.
Mount of Safa
One day Prophet Muhammadﷺ stood at the top of Mountain of safa and started to speak with the people of Quraysh many of whom were non believers:
After ascending the Safa mountain he shouted: “Ya Quraysh ”. When the people of Makkah had gathered around him the Prophetﷺ said to them, “If I told you that horsemen were advancing to attack you from the valley on the other side of this mountain, will you believe me?”. “Yes”, they replied, “We have always found you truthful.” The Prophetﷺ said, “I am a plain warner to you of a coming severe punishment.” After this vivid analogy the Prophetﷺ asked them to save themselves by declaring that Allah is one and that he, Muhammad, is Allah’s messenger. He tried to make them understand that if they clung to polytheism and rejected the message he had brought to them, they would face Allah’s punishment.
Abu Lahab (parental uncle) said, “May you perish! You gathered us here only for this reason? “Then Abu Lahab went away. Upon this Ibn Abbas narrates, ‘Surah al-Lahab’ (Perish the hands of Abu Lahab!) was revealed.
Dawah On Pilgrim (Hajj)
The Hajj (Pilgrimage) was the biggest yearly event in Arab for non believers (Pagans) at that time. They used to come and worship different deities. Many groups arrived in Mecca in those days from different parts of the world some of them arrived for business. At every event of hajj, Prophetﷺ gave Dawah in the groups through recitation of The Holy Quran.
In Eleventh year of Prophethood as per routine tribes of Madinah came for pilgrim. The tribe of Khazraj arrived in those days. These people belonged to judaism. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ invited them to Islam and recited some verses from Quran. The people of tribe knew about arrival of The Last Prophetﷺ from their jewish scholars and mostly when they fight with pagan they said that the Last Prophet will arrive soon then we will kill you like people of AAD and Arms (these people didn’t obey God’s Messenger). The poeple of Khazraj embraced islam and return back to home.
12th year of Prophethood again people of Khazraj came and embraced islam.
For more detail see Migration
The Ambassador of Islam
Mus’ab ibn Omair was the first ambassador of islam in the city of Madinah and was also known as Mus’ab al-Khayr (“the Good”). He lived in Mecca but he went to Madinah for Dawah. He recited Quran in front people and they embraced islam even a leader of Aws tribe Sa’d ibn Mu’adh and his tribe embraced islam through his efforts. He was martyred in the Battle of Uhud
The Dawah in Ta’if
The city of Ta’if is approx 88 km away from Mecca. This incident happened after Years of Sorrow (عام الحزن) in 10th year of Prophethood. After death of Abu Talib and Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid (Prophet’s ﷺ spouse) Prophetﷺ decided to spread islam’s message around Mecca. First, Prophetﷺ went to Bani Bakr but they didn’t embrace islam, after Prophetﷺ went to tribe Of Qahtan but they didn’t respond to Prophetﷺ either, the he went to city of Ta’if to Banū Thaqīf. The leaders listened to Prophetﷺ but after they negated his message they started arguing with Prophetﷺ which makes them a pessimist. Prophetﷺ was on his way to Mecca but the Banu Thaqīf’s mischievous people pursued Prophetﷺ and started torturing him by throwing stones and blasphemed against the Prophetﷺ. In the mean time Prophetﷺ was injured badly even his shoes were filled with blood. Prophetﷺ passed through the grapes garden where utbah bin shebah saw him. He ordered his Christian slaves to serve bunch of grapes to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. The Christian slave served grapes to Prophetﷺ and he started to eat with “Bismillah Al-Rahman Al-Rahim”. The slave said that people of Taif don’t start with these words. Prophetﷺ replied, where are you from? slave said I am from Nineveh city (Iraq) and a Christian. Prophetﷺ said to slave that did you know Prophet Jonah (PBUH), he replied, yes but who are you. Prophetﷺ said I am one of his brother, he was a Prophet as I am. the Christian slave osculate Prophet’s hand and embraced islam.
Dawah To Jinns
Ibn Masood Narrates that one day I went to upper area of Mecca city with Prophetﷺ. After a few moments Prophetﷺ drew a spiritual safety circle over the ground and asked me to sit in it. Afterwards, Prophetﷺ started recitation of Holy Quran and suddenly some unknown people gathered around Prophetﷺ. Prophetﷺ was covered and his voice couldn’t reach me. After sometime all of them flew in air but one group kept listening to Prophetﷺ. The group offered prayer with Prophetﷺ and went away.
Once Prophetﷺ was returning from Banū Thaqīf (Ta’if city) after Dawah, he spent the night in journey at Nakhla which was far from mecca. When Prophetﷺ was offering prayer suddenly approx seven Jinns came from Syria. They heard his recitation
وَإِذْ صَرَفْنَا إِلَيْكَ نَفَرًا مِّنَ الْجِنِّ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الْقُرْآنَ فَلَمَّا حَضَرُوهُ قَالُوا أَنصِتُوا ۖ فَلَمَّا قُضِيَ وَلَّوْا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِم مُّنذِرِينَ -
And [mention, O Muhammad], when We directed to you a few of the jinn, listening to the Qur'an. And when they attended it, they said, "Listen quietly." And when it was concluded, they went back to their people as warners.
When Prophetﷺ completed his prayer then Jinns appeared and at that time Prophetﷺ invited them to islam and then they embraced islam as a religion and returned to their tribe and recite some verses infront of other Jinns.after few days the 300 Jinns from tribe was came embraced islam.
There are many incidents when Prophetﷺ gave Dawah to Jinns and they embraced islam.
The Christian Delegations
Najran is a city in southwest of Saudi Arabia near Yemen border and the incident happened after Meccan boycott. A delegation of twenty Christians from Najran came to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ after hearing about The Last Prophetﷺ from immigrants (The Prophet’sﷺ companions) of Abyssinia. When the delegation reached for meeting Prophetﷺ, the pagans were sitting around Kaaba and heard the conversation. After the meeting that happened between Prophetﷺ and Christians, the delegation embraced Islam and testify Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as Messenger of The God. Christians said to Prophet ﷺ , we knew about Youﷺ through The Bible in which Jesus(PBUH) told us about Last comforter and his characteristics which is completely testified you as a Last Prophetﷺ.
The Zamad Azdi
Before embracing Islam Zamad Azdi was a renowned spiritual healer who was expert in healing spiritual illness. He came to Mecca and heard from tyrants that Muhammadﷺ were suffering from the effect of bad spirits(Jinns). Zamad Azdi decided to cure Him ﷺ because he believed he was blessed by God. He was famous for professional spiritual healing in Arab. When Zaman came to Prophetﷺ he introduced himself and offered remedy to Prophet Muhammadﷺ. Prophetﷺ replied him, “All praise are for Allah, we praise him and seek help only from Him. Those are upon [right] guidance from Allah,never mis-guides by anyone but if Allah mis-guides someone then no one guides him”. Then Prophetﷺ invited him in Islam through shahda “اشْهَدُ انْ لّآ اِلهَ اِلَّا اللّهُ وَ اَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمَّدً اعَبْدُه وَرَسُولُ”. Zamad Azdi asked to repeat these words. Prophetﷺ repeated these words three times. Upon which Zamad replied, i heard many sayings from Magicians and Vaticinator but I never heard these words before. Zamad not only embraced Islam but also he took oath on behalf of his tribe(Azad) on the hand of Prophetﷺ and they all became muslims.